It is not only modern telecommunications technology which uses electrical impulses. Millions of years ago nerve cells "discovered" how to transmit their information based on electrical action potential. The steadily beating heart - the precondition for all human and animal life - makes use of this mechanism. If it ever gets out of step, electrical impulses from a pacemaker can help the heart return to its normal rhythm.
When the artificial pacemaker was invented in the 1950s, nobody had any conception of just how successful and invaluable it would become for patients. Ever smaller and more reliable electronics are gradually reducing the risks for patients. And replacing parts is no longer a major task, thanks to standardized electrode connectors. The road to creating a standard is of particular importance in areas such as health. Both for patients, because their well-being depends on it, and also for the manufacturers of medical devices. The Medical Product Act provides the legal framework, whereas consensus-based standardization offers crucial orientation for manufacturers. The principle of multiple-assessor verification among the experts involved in drafting it provides the high level of safety which is necessary in such a sensitive area.